Tel Socho – Loop Trail to a Biblical City and Lupine Hill

Tel Socho

Tel Socho, near the valley of Elah, is known for the lupine flowers. Moreover, Socho is mentioned in the Bible as one of the cities conquered by Joshua.

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Map

Tel Socho is located not far from Bet Shemesh and by the valley of Elah. More specifically, near the intersection of roads #38 and #375.

The easiest way to reach this spot is by entering “Tel Socho” into Waze.

Interactive map of the area:

And here is a scheme of the trail:

Map of Tel Socho
Map of Tel Socho

Trails

There are two popular loop trails. Here is an interactive map from israelhiking.osm.org.il where these trails are marked:

NameColor of the Trail on the Map aboveDescriptionDistance (km)Total climb and descent (meters)Notes
Short loop trailBlueBoth trails begin with the blue path, also marked as the Israel National Trail. After passing the hilltop and the lupines, you turn right. And return to the parking using a dirt road.2.2132You can make variations of this trail. Go to the top of the hill or back, or walk it in the opposite direction.
Long loop trailRedLike the previous route, you stay with the blue path until you reach the green trail. And then return to parking using green and black trail markings.5.4368

Entrance Fee

Free.

Opening Hours

Visit only during daylight.

Picnic and Barbeque

There are no picnic tables and no facilities. Moreover, there are many equipped picnic and barbeque areas nearby. For example, after completing the short trail, we drove to the nearby Britannia Park for a picnic.

Restrooms

None.

When to visit Tel Socho?

Lupine bloom during spring. The peak of the bloom is usually February and March. Thus, if you want to see lupines, visit during the mentioned months.

Also, there are few trees and almost no shade along the path. Therefore, choose either the early or the late hours of the day.

Short Loop Trail

The hike begins at the parking lot by road #375.

Parking by Tel Socho
Parking by Tel Socho

As you can see, the blue trail (also part of the Israel national trail) starts with a rather steep incline. If you want an easier way to reach the top, you can walk in the opposite direction (and get down using the same path). The walk will be easier but more prolonged.

We hiked the short loop trail during the first days of April, and we still saw flowers, including lupines.

Anemones
Anemones

The Mosaic at Tel Socho

After several minutes, we reached the Mosaic at Tel Socho.

The Mosaic at Tel Socho
The Mosaic at Tel Socho
The Mosaic at Tel Socho
The Mosaic at Tel Socho

The mosaic before you is a part of a large Christian-Byzantine complex that flourished here from the fifth – to eighth centuries C.E. The complex of rooms and mosaic floors were probably connected to a monastery which was situated along the ancient road crossing the Ellah Valley connecting Jerusalem to Bet Guvrin. The eastern section of the road follows the route of Highway 375 (also known as the “Caesar’s Path”).

The site was excavated in 1980, and additional mosaic floors were revealed but removed from the site in fear of being damaged. The mosaic is adorned with a simple scale pattern, interwinding grapevines around a central amphora (wine jug), which form medallions encompassing filled baskets, animals, and birds. The mosaic floor features two Greek inscriptions: The first appears inside a tabella ansata (rectangular frame with triangular handles), indicating the names of honored priests and nuns from the monastery. The second inscription denotes the burial spot of a high-ranking clergy member named Johnathan the Priest.

The Jewish National Fund and Israel Antiquities Authority joined hands in preserving and displaying the mosaic to the public. The mosaic is thus a reference point for those who ascend Tel Sokho or hike the Israel National Trail

Source: sign on site.

Climbing to the top of the Tel

By the way, this is a Tel. And if you wonder what it is, see What Does Tel Mean?

Climbing to the top of the Tel
Climbing to the top of the Tel
The Parking from almost the top of the Tel
The Parking from almost the top of the Tel
Tel Socho
Tel Socho

It took us about twenty minutes to climb to the top of the Tel. And in the following photo, you can see Beit Shemesh. We visited this neighborhood about half a year ago when we joined a tour to Tel Jarmuth.

At the top of Tel Socho
At the top of Tel Socho

At Tel Socho

From the top of the Tel, you can see the surrounding area, including the valley of Elah. Moreover, you can find many flowers there during spring. And there are some remains. Here are several photos:

Tel Socho
Tel Socho
Lupines
Lupines
Lupines
Lupines
Flowers
Flowers
Lupines
Lupines
Flowers
Flowers
Israel National Trail Marking at Tel Socho
Israel National Trail Marking at Tel Socho
Remains at Tel Socho
Remains at Tel Socho

There are many pits in the ground at Tel Socho. Usually, these pits served as water reservoirs, and along the trail, all holes were covered (as you can see in the next photo).

Tel Socho
Tel Socho

In any case, hike only along the marked trails and do not let children wander alone.

At the following point (as you can see in the next image), we turned right and left the blue trail. And then we used the dirt road to return to the parking.

Tel Socho
Tel Socho

Dirt Road Back to the Parking

Dirt road near Tel Socho
Dirt road near Tel Socho
Tel Socho
Tel Socho
Lupines
Lupines

Sochoh in the Bible

Sokho is the name given to two ancient towns in the territorial domain of Judah, as mentioned in the Hebrew Bible, west of the Judean hills. In Arabic, both towns were given the name Shuweikah, a diminutive of the Arabic shawk, meaning “thorn.” The remains of both have since been identified.

Although it is listed in Joshua 15:35 as being a city in the plain, Socho is partly in the hill country and partly in the plain. The biblical account states that the Philistines encamped between Sokho and Azekah in the Valley of Elah before Goliath’s historic encounter with David, the son of Jesse (1 Samuel 17:1). David slew the Philistine giant with a stone slung from a shepherd’s sling. Rehoboam fortified the place (2 Chronicles 11:7), but it is not clear which of the two sites is referred to. Socho was one of the cities occupied temporarily by the Philistines in the time of Ahaz (2 Chronicles 28:18).

Source: Wikipedia

Joshua 15:35 (New Revised Standard Version):

Jarmuth, Adullam, Socoh, Azekah,

1 Samuel 17:1 (New Revised Standard Version):

Now the Philistines gathered their armies for battle; they were gathered at Socoh, which belongs to Judah, and encamped between Socoh and Azekah, in Ephes-dammim.

2 Chronicles 11:7 (New Revised Standard Version):

Beth-zur, Soco, Adullam,

2 Chronicles 28:18 (New Revised Standard Version):

And the Philistines had made raids on the cities in the Shephelah and the Negeb of Judah, and had taken Beth-shemesh, Aijalon, Gederoth, Soco with its villages, Timnah with its villages, and Gimzo with its villages; and they settled there.

Summary

The short trail took us about 1.5 hours at a moderate pace. It is a lovely short trail suitable for families, and you can combine it with a picnic in one of the nearby forests for a half-day getaway.

There are many attractions in this area, and you can explore them using the interactive map above.

Have you visited Tel Socho? Tell us in the comment below about your experience.

That’s all for today, and I’ll see you in future travels!

Stay Tuned!

   

Additional Resources

Here are several resources that I created to help travelers: And if you have any questions then check out Useful Information For Tourists To Israel.  
Did not find what you were looking for? Leave a comment below, and I will do my best to answer your questions.

Lev Tsimbler

Lev from israel-in-photos.com. You can contact me at hi@israel-in-photos.com

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