When driving on road #40 inside Makhtesh Ramon (Ramon Crater), you will see a trail sign to the Ammonite Wall (about 15km from Mitzpe Ramon).
Map of the area:
Amonites (also Ammonites) are an extinct group of marine molluscs closely related to living octopuses, squid, and cuttlefish. The earliest appeared during the Devonian, and the last died out during the Cretaceous–Paleogene extinction event. Because of this, Amonites are excellent index fossils, used to link a specific rock layer to a specific geological period.
The rock face of the Ammonite Wall in the Ramon Crater contains hundreds of ammonite fossils, which the Greeks called look like “rams horns’ and are named after the Egyptian god Ammon (also Amon, Amun), who had the wooly head of a ram with spiraled horns.
A view back on road #40:
After a short walk (about 10-15 minutes) we reached the Ammonite Wall. It’s a large rock wall which contains the fossil remains of Ammonites (great mollusks that lived about 230 million years ago). They are quite impressive in size, the radius of each Ammonite is about 20-30cm. And Ammonites tells us that once all this area was covered by the sea. While today there is a desert in the same place!
You can continue hiking but we, at this point, returned to the car and headed to the next point of interest. You can find all points of interest on the map at the top if this post.
While on the subject, I was asked how easy it is to find loose small ammonite fossils. I have been to Methkesh Ramon numerous times and never found one. One of the possible reasons for that is that I made the standard trails. Thousands, if not millions already visited these places. And if there were something, you would find it in the souvenir shops (and I seen small ammonite fossils at the souvenir shop in Mitzpe Ramon). If you take a guide with a 4×4 car and travel to less familiar places, then the chances of finding fossils increases. And if you want only to see them then walk this trail.
That’s all for today, and I’ll see you in future travels!