Columbarium cave at Midras Ruins, Israel

Did you know there are pyramids not only in Egypt but Israel as well? Today we are going for a hike at Midras Ruins. This short round trail has beautiful nature, and it is packed with archeological remains. Let’s begin!

Map of the area:

Midras Ruins are located not far from Beit Shemesh, close to Bet Guvrin – Maresha National Park. There are many excellent trails in this area. And though it is about halfway between Tel Aviv and Jerusalem, meaning it is higher at the hills, it still gets too hot during summer. Thus either come early or better visit during Spring or Autumn.

Adulam Grove Nature Reserve

Horvat Midras is part of Adulam Grove Nature Reserve. Adulam Grove Nature Reserve extends over 5,000 dunams.

Different species of animals inhabit this area. Including mountain gazelles, striped hyenas, caracals, badgers, and chukars. There are also many songbirds in this area.

In Spring the reserve is covered with wildflowers, like orchids, buttercups, anemones, and narcissus. Thus, Spring is the best time for a visit.

Along the route, we are going to see remains of the human settlement from the Second Temple period (third century BCE).

At Horvat Midras Ruins Trail

It is a simple trail to navigate through. We did not use any maps. I entered “Midras Ruins” into Waze and from the parking, we just followed signs like this one.Hike at Midras Ruins, Israel

At the beginning of the trail, we started climbing on top of a hill. Looking Backward.Hike at Midras Ruins, Israel

Most of the path has no shade, thus do not forget water and sunscreen.

As I mentioned, this is a circular route. We turned left to the hideout system, at this sign and returned from the right trail, the columbarium.Hike at Midras Ruins, Israel

The Refugee Caves

At a distance, it might not look like something big, but when you come closer, you will find vast hidden space.Hike at Midras Ruins, Israel

The refugee caves are a system of underground chambers connected by narrow crawl spaces. Dozens of these systems were discovered in the Judean area. Many archeologists believe these caves were created during Bar Kokhva revolt (132-135 CE). Jewish rebels used the caves as hiding places from the Roman army.

You can take the stairs to the bottom of the cave, and in the left corner, you can see a hole. The hole is a small and short tunnel that most kids can enjoy. If you plan to crawl inside, then better bring a flashlight.Hike at Midras Ruins, Israel

The tree in the refugee cave was home to a group of jackdaws, and here is one of them.Western jackdaw at Midras Ruins, Israel

Here is the inside of the tunnel lit with a flashlight.Hike at Midras Ruins, Israel

The refugee cave from inside:Hike at Midras Ruins, Israel

Jackdaw:Western jackdaw at Midras Ruins, Israel

Hike at Midras Ruins, Israel

Last photo from a short photo session with jackdaws 🙂Western jackdaw at Midras Ruins, Israel

After exploring the cave for fifteen minutes, we continued up the hill towards the pyramid.Hike at Midras Ruins, Israel

Small burial cave on our way:Hike at Midras Ruins, Israel

As you can see, we are following the trail with blue markings. Hike at Midras Ruins, Israel

As I mentioned before, Spring is a good season for a visit. And here are the flowers we saw on the way.Hike at Midras Ruins, Israel

I saw this rock on the way. It looks like milling rock from an oil press. Hike at Midras Ruins, Israel

Flowers:Hike at Midras Ruins, Israel

The Pyramid

At the top of the hill, we found a small pyramid.Hike at Midras Ruins, Israel

This structure built of dresses stone is the only one of its kind in Israel. The base is about ten meters long, and it is currently 3.5 meters high. The top three rows of stone, together with which the height was around five meters, are missing.

The pyramid is located in the cemetery of the ancient village at Midras Ruins and was probably a monument to people buried in the cave below it.

View from the top of the pyramid into the valley.Hike at Midras Ruins, Israel

From the other side:Hike at Midras Ruins, Israel

The Synagogue

Following a ten minute walk, we reached remains of an old synagogue. Also, next to each point of interest there is a sign (in three languages) with a short description about the place. Like this one:Hike at Midras Ruins, Israel

The wall of beautiful dressed stone suggests it is a public building. And the big rock next to the structure might have been part of a niche for menorah and Torah scroll. The slot and the closeness to Jewish burial cave support the theory that this was a synagogue.Hike at Midras Ruins, Israel

Cyclamens:Hike at Midras Ruins, Israel

Burial Cave

The entrance to the burial cave is protected by a large round stone. The rolling stone is a remnant of the grand burial cave once located here. So maybe the rock we saw earlier was not a milling one.Hike at Midras Ruins, Israel

The sherd discovered in the cave indicate that it was used from the end of the first century CE until Bar Kokhba revolt.

Inside the cave:Hike at Midras Ruins, Israel

After this cave, we switched to the trail with green markings that will lead us back to the parking.Hike at Midras Ruins, Israel

The Columbarium Cave

Here you can see the entrance to the columbarium.Columbarium cave at Midras Ruins, Israel

Hundreds of Columbarium caves were found in this area. Usually close to ancient settlements.Columbarium cave at Midras Ruins, Israel

There are dozens of small niches, ranging from 15 to 25 cm, were carved into the walls of the columbarium.Columbarium cave at Midras Ruins, Israel

Scholars believe that doves were raised for food. Their dung was used as fertilizer. Some think that doves could serve for message passing and rituals.Columbarium cave at Midras Ruins, Israel

We exited the columbarium and headed back towards the parking lot. Towards the end of the path, it was around noon, and there were already many people on the trail.Hike at Midras Ruins, IsraelHike at Midras Ruins, Israel

Note: this route is not part of a national park. Thus the entrance is free, and you can visit at any time.

The Midras Ruins trail is not a long one. It took us about two hours to complete the path. And if you make it at a good pace (no photography and food stops) then you can finish it in a little more than an hour. After the trail, you can find a table in the nearby forest for a short picnic. Just like we did.

Summary

Horvat Midras is a lovely circular route that both kids and adults will enjoy. There is a lot of nature and space for kids to run and remains to explore. And there are also many points of interest along the way. In many trails, you walk for an hour or even more between different points of interest. But at Midras Ruins trail you will find archeological remains every ten minutes.

All of the above make it a favorite trail among locals and at some entrances to caves we had to wait for a while, but it was worth it.

Have you visited Horvat Midras? Tell us in the comment below about your experience.

 

That’s all for today, and I’ll see you in future travels!

Stay Tuned!

Did not find what you were looking for? Hit me up at hi@israel-in-photos.com, and I will do my best to answer your questions.

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