The Church of All Nations Jerusalem

We already visited The Old City. In that post, we were in “The Big Three,” which are The Western Wall, Church of the Holy Sepulchre, and Dome of the Rock and al-Aqsa Mosque. We also toured at additional places inside the Old City. Today we will be visiting different places Around The Old City.

To The South Of The Old City – Mount Zion

Mount Zion is a hill in Jerusalem just outside the walls of the Old City. The term Mount Zion has been used in the Hebrew Bible first for the City of David (2 Samuel 5:7, 1 Chronicles 11:5; 1 Kings 8:1, 2 Chronicles 5:2) and later for the Temple Mount, but its meaning has shifted, and it is now used as the name of ancient Jerusalem’s Western Hill. In a wider sense, the term is also used for the entire Land of Israel.

Source: Wikipedia

Map of the area:

In the post about The Old City, I mentioned my three ways reaching the old city. Today I want to show a nice place on the way from HaPa’amon Garden (one of the only free parking places not far from Old City). Close to Mendes-France square (about 300m from parking) you can find this fountain with lions:
Mendes-France square
Lions weren’t selected randomly. Lion is the symbol of Jerusalem and it appears on the emblem. The lion represents the “lion of Judah”, the symbol of the Tribe of Judah and later on the Kingdom of Judah, whose capital was Jerusalem.Mendes-France square
As you progress towards the Old City (about 400m from the fountain) you will see this panorama:
Jerusalem old cityMount Zion is closer to you and the Old City walls are further away.

The Last Supper Room

We will start with a visit to The Last Supper Room A.K.A. Cenacle. The room itself is not big and this is pretty much all of it:
The Last Supper Room

Visiting hours: Sat-Thu 8am-5pm, Fri 8am-1pm, and the admission is free.

The Cenacle, also known as the “Upper Room,” is a room in the David’s Tomb Compound in Jerusalem, traditionally held to be the site of the Last Supper.

The word is a derivative of the Latin word cēnō, which means “I dine.” The Gospel of Mark employs the Ancient Greek: ἀνάγαιον, anagaion, (Mark 14:15), whereas the Acts of the Apostles uses Ancient Greek: ὑπερῷον, hyperōion (Acts 1:13), both with the meaning “upper room.” The language in Acts suggests that the apostles used the Upper Room as a temporary residence (Ancient Greek: οὗ ἦσαν καταμένοντες, hou ēsan katamenontes), although the Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary disagrees, preferring to see the room as a place where they were “not lodged, but had for their place of rendezvous”.

Source: Wikipedia

I was quite lucky to get The Last Supper Room all to myself. In two minutes another group came in, and you could barely find any place to stand.

Cenacle is also called the Upper Room since it’s on the second floor. On the first floor, just below this room, you can find King David’s Tomb.

Former President’s Room

I visited King David’s Tomb, but keep in mind that photography is not allowed there. Usually, from The Last Supper Room, I take the stairs to the roof. On the third floor, the roof, you can see a small building, and on the door, there is a sign telling: “The President’s Room.” It was the actual President room until 1967. From the outside, it looks like a small room, and it is always closed.

Till Six Day War, the Old City was under Jordanian control. And the Cenacle’s roof was the closest point to the Western Wall.

Another reminder of the war can be found at Zion Gate. Before entering the gate, take a look at the Old City wall. You will see many bullet holes.

Zion Gate In Jerusalem
Zion Gate In Jerusalem

From the roof, you can see the Dormition Abbey and the clock tower. Here is the view:Dormition Abbey

Dormition Abbey

Basic Info

This marvelous church is a landmark of the city of Jerusalem, and is the site where the Virgin Mary is said to have died, or fell into ‘eternal sleep’. Its Latin name is “Dormition Sanctae Mariae” (Sleep of St. Mary).

The current church and Monastery, owned by the German Benedictine Order, was consecrated in 1906. It was noticeably damaged during the battles for the city in 1948 and 1967. In the crypt of the church lies a recumbent statue of the Virgin in death, and the rotunda above is noticeable for its glorious mosaic zodiac, a most unusual addition to a Christian church.

Source: goisrael.com

Dormition Abbey – Exterior

When you get up on the Zion mount (via Ma’akot Beni St) then you will get the following view:Dormition Abbey

The main entry door:Dormition Abbey

When going around you will find the statue of David playing Lyre. This photo was taken when I was standing very close to the entrance to the Last The Last Supper Room.Dormition Abbey

And this is what you see when coming from the Old City:
Dormition Abbey

And the last photo was taken from behind the graveyard (located after Last Supper Room).Abbey of the Dormition in Jerusalem, Israel

Inside Dormition Abbey

Dormition abbey has quite unique architecture. It’s a circular building with several niches (containing altars and a choir).

Here are several interior photos:Abbey of the Dormition in Jerusalem, Israel

Dormition Abbey has a crypt. In the crypt of the Basilica can be found the site, where, according to the old Jerusalem tradition Mary lived and died after the Resurrection of Jesus.Abbey of the Dormition in Jerusalem, Israel

Also, in the crypt, there is the altar for the reposition of the Blessed Sacrament.Abbey of the Dormition in Jerusalem, Israel

To The East Of The Old City – Mount Of Olives

Map of the area:

The Church of All Nations

Let’s burn some extra calories and head to The Church of All Nations.

The Church of All Nations, also known as the Church or Basilica of the Agony, is a Roman Catholic church located on the Mount of Olives in Jerusalem, next to the Garden of Gethsemane. It enshrines a section of bedrock where Jesus is said to have prayed before his arrest.

Source: Wikipedia

You can see it at the bottom of this picture and the Church of Mary Magdalene is on top:
The Church of All Nations
Interior of Church of All Nations:
The Church of All Nations

Gethsemane

Church of All Nations is located next to the Garden of Gethsemane. Gethsemane is “Gat Shmanim” in Hebrew, which means “oil press”. In this urban garden, Jesus slept the night before the crucifixion. These olive trees are big, you can easily believe they are 2,000 years old.
Garden of Gethsemane

Tomb of the Virgin

Tomb of the Virgin is located not far from the Garden of Gethsemane.

The entrance:Tomb of the Virgin Mary

Church of the Sepulchre of Saint Mary, also Tomb of the Virgin Mary, is a Christian tomb in the Kidron Valley – at the foot of Mount of Olives, in Jerusalem – believed by Eastern Christians to be the burial place of Mary, the mother of Jesus. The Status Quo, a 250-year old understanding between religious communities, applies to the site.

Source: Wikipedia

Inside:Tomb of the Virgin Mary Tomb of the Virgin Mary

Dominus Flevit Church

A little higher on Mount of Olives, you can find the Dominus Flevit Church.

View from inside of Dominus Flevit Church:Dominus Flevit Church

Dominus Flevit is a Roman Catholic church on the Mount of Olives, opposite the walls of the Old City of Jerusalem. The church was designed and constructed between 1953 and 1955 by the Italian architect Antonio Barluzzi and is held in trust by the Franciscan Custody of the Holy Land. During construction of the sanctuary, archaeologists uncovered artifacts dating back to the Canaanite period, as well as tombs from the Second Temple and Byzantine eras.

Dominus Flevit, which translates from Latin as “The Lord Wept,” was fashioned in the shape of a teardrop to symbolize the tears of Christ. Here, according to the 19th chapter of the Gospel of Luke, Jesus, while riding toward the city of Jerusalem, becomes overwhelmed by the beauty of the Second Temple and predicting its future destruction, and the diaspora of the Jewish people weeps openly.

Source: Wikipedia

Mount of Olives Jewish Cemetery

The ancient and most important cemetery in Jerusalem is on the Mount of Olives. The Mount was used as the burial ground of the Jews of Jerusalem from as far back as the days of the First Temple and continues to fulfill this function to the present day. During the First and Second Temple Periods the Jews of Jerusalem were buried in burial caves scattered on the slopes of the Mount, and from the 16th century, the cemetery began to take its present shape.

Source: Official Site
Around The Old City - Mount of Olives Jewish Cemetery

A shot of Silwan neighborhood on the way back to the car.Silvan neighbourhood

To The West Of The Old City – Mishkenot Sha’ananim

Map of the area:

Another interesting place close to the Old City is Mishkenot Sha’ananim neighborhood.

Mishkenot Sha’ananim is the first Jewish neighborhood built outside the walls of the Old City of Jerusalem, on a hill directly across from Mount Zion. Built in 1860, it was the first area of Jewish settlement in Jerusalem outside the Old City walls and was one of the first structures to be built outside the Old City of Jerusalem…

Source: Wikipedia

View of Mount Zion from Mishkenot Sha’ananim:Dormition Abbey in Jerusalem

The Montefiore Windmill:The Montefiore Windmill

The Montefiore Windmill is a landmark windmill in Jerusalem, Israel. Designed as a flour mill, it was built in 1857 on a slope opposite the western city walls of Jerusalem, where three years later the new Jewish neighborhood of Mishkenot Sha’ananim was erected, both by the efforts of a British Jewish banker and philanthropist Moses Montefiore. Jerusalem at the time was part of Ottoman-ruled Palestine. Today the windmill serves as a small museum dedicated to the achievements of Montefiore. It was restored in 2012 with a new cap and sails in the style of the originals. The mill can turn in the wind.

Source: Wikipedia

Summary

There are many interesting places around The Old City. We have visited some of them, but there are more. If you have the time, then I would recommend it. Visiting places like the Cenacle, makes you feel like walking in history.

 

What are your favorite places around The Old City? Let us know in the comments below.

That’s all for today, and I’ll see you in future travels!

Stay Tuned!

For additional points of interest nearby check out Jerusalem page.

Did not find what you were looking for? Hit me up at hi@israel-in-photos.com, and I will do my best to answer your questions.

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