Note: Japanese Garden at Kibbutz Hephzibah is a private garden and you can visit it only by pre-booking a tour. See contact details below.
Last Saturday we joined a guided tour in Japanese Garden at Kibbutz Hephzibah. You might be thinking what a traditional Japanese Garden has to do with Kibbutz Hephzibah. Well, this small and well-kept garden was founded by the Japanese Makuya religious movement.
Makuya, also called Makuya of Christ and based at the Tokyo Bible Seminary, is a religious movement in Japan founded in 1948 by Ikurō Teshima. To grasp the inner truth of Biblical religion, or the “Love of the Holy Spirit” as Teshima puts it, and to extol this existential love by embodying it and living accordingly is the essence of the Makuyas’ religious life. They are fervently identified with the cause of Israel, conceiving the establishment of the State of Israel and the unification of Jerusalem as essentially a fulfillment of biblical prophecies.
As mentioned above, Makuya members are Christian, and since Christianity originates from Judaism, they see a value in studying Judaism and learning Hebrew, and one of the ultimate goals is to read the Bible in Hebrew. They also see an utmost importance in nurturing relations with the State of Israel.
The members of this religious movement also identify with the values of the Israeli kibbutz movement, this explains the location of the garden.
Usually, Makuya members come to the Kibbutz for several months each year and they learn Hebrew in Ulpan (institute or school for the intensive study of Hebrew language).
Japanese Garden at Kibbutz Hephzibah
The Japanese Garden at Kibbutz Hephzibah was designed by Yohachi Gotto, gardener artist and a member of Makuya in 1975, in memory of Ikurō Teshima (Makuya founder).
As I wrote in the beginning, we joined a guided tour. Japanese Garden is a private property of Kibbutz Hephzibah and entrance is authorized only by setting up a paid guided tour upfront by phone or email. Here is a link to Japanese Garden Facebook page. Our guide was:
Naama Amit and her contact details are email@example.com, 054-6634348.
Another reason to join a guided tour is that Japanese Gardens are very different from Western gardens and parks. Or as Iwatsuki, Zennoske, and Tsutomu Kodama in Economic Botany said: “Western gardens are typically optimized for visual appeal while Japanese gardens are modeled with spiritual and philosophical ideas in mind”. Without a guide, the meaning is lost and the visitors do not see or grasp all those ideas and cannot fully enjoy their stay.
The garden is located next to Makuya house (you can see it on the left in the distance). Just behind the gardens, you can see Mount Gilboa. And Harod Valley is behind us.
We started our tour with Naama next to the pond. Did you know that Japanese Gardens started at Asuka period (around 600AD)? During that period Japanese merchants witnessed gardens built in China and brought many Chinese gardening techniques and styles back to Japan. And only by Edo period (around 1700), Japanese gardens developed a distinct style of its own.
Japanese gardens create miniature idealized landscapes. Moreover, this garden was inspired by Isaiah 41:18-20:
I will make rivers flow on barren heights, and springs within the valleys. I will turn the desert into pools of water, and the parched ground into springs. I will put in the desert the cedar and the acacia, the myrtle and the olive. I will set junipers in the wasteland, the fir and the cypress together, so that people may see and know, may consider and understand, that the hand of the LORD has done this, that the Holy One of Israel has created it.
You can see in this small pond Buddhist symbolism. Water and stone are the Yin and Yang, two opposites that complement and complete each other. Therefore, Japanese gardens always have water, either a pond or stream or, in the dry rock garden, represented by white sand.
Koi and Red-Crowned Cranes
In the pond, we can see fish, particularly Koi (colored carp) and goldfish. Do you know how long Koi fish live? Here is a quote from the the guardian:
The age of a fish is calculated in much the same way as one works out the age of a tree by counting its rings; most fish have growth rings on their scales known as annuli. This technique was used to estimate the age of Hanako, meaning “flower maid”, the world’s oldest koi carp, who died in 1977 at the age of 226 years.
For that reason, Koi fish symbolize longevity.
In the pond you can also see a statue of two red-crowned cranes, also called the Japanese crane. Because they have red feathers on their heads, some say that they carry Japan’s flag on their head. Japanese cranes are known as a symbol of luck, longevity, and loyalty (since they have partnered for life).
Then Naama told us about the lucky numbers 1,3,5,7 in Japanese culture. She talked about Children’s Day that is celebrated on 5 of May (5/5). And until recently, Tango no sekku (original Children’s Day) was known as Boys’ Day. While Girls’ Day was celebrated on March 3 (3/3). And in the next photo, you can see Koinobori (carp-shaped wind socks traditionally flown in Japan to celebrate Tango no sekku).
There are three Japanese stone lanterns in the garden. The lanterns and the bridge are the only stones brought from Japan (the rest are local ones).
In its complete and original form, a dai-doro, like the pagoda, represents the five elements of Buddhist cosmology. The piece touching the ground represents chi, the earth; the next section represents sui, or water; ka or fire, is represented by the section encasing the lantern’s light or flame, while fū (air) and kū (void or spirit) are represented by the last two sections, top-most and pointing towards the sky. The segments express the idea that after death our physical bodies will go back to their original, elemental form.
Bamboo can grow up to a meter a day. Bamboos are not trees, they are a kind of grass. The more we use them, the fewer trees we cut. And indeed, modern industry uses them not only in wood and paper products but in food and beverage industry (like bamboo Beer), bamboo phone cases, clothing, floors and much more.
The Wadi And The Cave
In the background of the next photograph, you can see a “crack” in Gilboa mountain. After rainy days a lot of water flows there and members of Kibbutz Hephzibah call it chocolate milk wadi (due to its muddy color).
Wadi is the Arabic and Hebrew term traditionally referring to a valley. In some instances, it may refer to a dry riverbed that contains water only during times of heavy rain.
Why did I mention the wadi? In ancient times Bet She’an was a Roman city. And Jews lived in the surrounding areas. There is not much water in the valley, thus they constructed a cave to collect all water from the wadi.
A shishiodoshi is a garden device, made of bamboo and wood, designed to scare away birds. As the bamboo tube fills with water, it clacks against a stone, empties, then fills with water again.
Thousand Origami Cranes
She told us about one thousand origami cranes. An ancient Japanese legend promises that anyone who folds a thousand origami cranes will be granted a wish by the Gods. Some stories believe you are granted eternal good luck, instead of just one wish, such as long life or recovery from illness or injury.
One thousand origami cranes became popular through the story of Sadako Sasaki, a Japanese girl who was 2 years old when she was exposed to radiation (during the bombing of Hiroshima). Sasaki soon developed leukemia and, at age 12 after spending a significant amount of time in a hospital, began making origami cranes with the goal of making one thousand. She folded only 644 before she became too weak to fold anymore, and died on October 1955. Her classmates were touched by her story and completed the task for her.
Today there is a statue of Sadako holding a crane in the Hiroshima Peace Park, and every year on Obon day, people leave cranes at the statue in memory of the departed spirits of their ancestors.
This was almost the end of our tour. The tour lasted a little more than an hour. And it was more than a visit to Japanese Garden, it was a taste of Japan.
We enjoyed this tour and it’s definitely one of those places where you need a guide. Moreover, I understood from Naama that she changes the topic of the tour on a monthly basis. Thus, you can visit Japanese Garden more than once.
Since the garden is not big, you can combine it with other attractions in this area (like Bet Alfa Synagogue, Gan Garoo and Bet She’an). Naama recommended a short hike along the Gilboa and so we did.
Cyclamen is Medieval Latin, from earlier Latin cyclamīnos, from Ancient Greek kyklā́mīnos, probably from kýklos “circle”, because of the round tuber.
Another nearby point of interest is Heftsiba Quarry (this is what the sign said, though most places write Hephzibah and not Heftsiba). It’s five minutes drive from the garden (turn left when exiting Kibbutz Hephzibah and follow the signs).
Heftsiba Quarry is an open site with nearby parking.
With the start of the Second World War, marble import from Italy stopped. “Even and Seed” (Stone and Lime in Hebrew) company looked for a site with marble in the vicinity of the kibbutz. Workers from Hephzibah, during one of the rides to “Even and Seed” location, noticed marble lode exposed on Gilboa. Based on this discovery a group of people was sent to Carrara, Italy. They bought equipment for marble quarry and created Heftsiba Quarry.
Close to the quarry, you can find this small building. The sign says that it’s a 100 meters depth well. The well was created in 1965 and it’s active till this day.
Heftsiba Quarry system was based on 4mm cable. The cable slid along wheels and weights along the cable pressed it down towards the stone. As this process took place, workers put sea sand with water on the top of the cable. Here is a restoration of the cutting system:
There are several dining options in the area. You can check out Dag Dagan fish restaurant in the Kibbutz. Or visit Beit Hashita. At the entrance to Beit Hashita there is a gas station. Attached to the gas station, there is a small center with several restaurants. If you want to continue the Japanese theme then there is Yakinton nudels bar. We dined at Tur’ani restaurant which offers pretty good middle eastern dishes.
That’s all for today and I’ll see you in future travels!
Disclaimer: I was invited to Japanese Garden by Naama in order to write a post about the garden. I joined a real tour and the expressed opinions are my own.