Giv`at HaTitora is a hill in Modi`in. This ancient Tel has archeological remains and blossoms, and you can hike using several tracks.
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Giv’at HaTitora is located in the city of Modi’in near road #443. The main entrance is from Klil Hahoresh Street (near the round water tower). And you can also enter by Holmes Place Modi’in (Emek Dotan 48).
The easiest way to reach it is by entering “Giv’at HaTitora” into Waze (or clicking this link). It will lead you to the parking near the main entrance.
Interactive map of the area:
- Hotels, hostels, and appartments in this area:
There is small parking inside the Tel. You can also park along Klil Hahoresh Street. But keep in mind that it is a popular place. And on weekends during bloom, you will have to park further away (unless you arrive early). During our latest visit, we parked at a big free parking lot in front of Holmes Place. This parking lot is situated at the intersection of Klil Hahoresh and Emek Dotan Streets.
Always open. But since there may be open pits, stay only on the trails and visit only during daylight.
When to visit Giv’at HaTitora?
The best time to visit Giv’at HaTitora is during the flower bloom and blossom of the almond trees. Hence winter and spring are the best seasons. And more specifically, February and March are the best months for a visit.
Note: our latest visit was at the beginning of March. There were a lot of flowers, but the blossom of the almond trees had almost ended. However, the exact times depend on the weather.
There are several trails at Giv’at HaTitora. Here is an interactive map from israelhiking.osm.org.il where I marked two tracks:
And here are the details of the most popular trails:
|#||Name||Color of the Trail on the Map above||Description||Distance (km)||Total climb and descent (meters)||Notes|
|1||Flowers loop path||Green (marked in blue)||This loop trail goes around the hill and lets you enjoy carpets of wildflowers.||2.3||88||You can combine this track with others.|
|2||The summit trail||It has no color, but there are signs on the hill.||It is a short loop trail that allows seeing the archeological garden, and the fort remains.||1||16||The benefit of this trail is that it is accessible, and you can walk with baby trolleys.|
|3||Combo track||Red||The trail we hiked on our latest visit combines the flowers and the summit tracks.||2.4||96|
Note: there is little shade in all the trails. Hence take sunscreen and prefer the less hot hours of the day.
The origin of the name “Titora”
The Crusaders called the place “Trenta,” while the Arabs “Kelat a-Tantura” (pointed hat) as well as “Al-
Burj” (the citadel) or “Burj al-Habib.” The Hebrew name “Titorah” (the brim of the hat) was awarded to her by the governmental committee of the official names, and it preserves the sound of the name in Arabic and its meaning. The earlier name of the site is not known for sure.
Giv’at HaTitora is the most important nature, landscape, and heritage site in Modi’in. Its territory on the city’s northeastern border covers about 600 dunams and rises 315 meters above sea level.
The hill played a central role in the history of the region Modiin because there was a rural settlement continuously since the Chalcolithic period about 6,000 years ago and until 1948, with the establishment of the state.
This hill gained importance since it was near two main roads. Both these roads connected the coastal plain and Jerusalem. Here is the map of these roads.
The Flower Path
After completing all basics, I want to take you along track #3 (in the table above), and we will start with the flower path near Holmes Place.
On the corner of Klil Hahoresh and Emek Dotan Streets, you can see the beginning of the green track. It is the flower path.
Along this trail, you can find cyclamens, anemones, fennel, Chrysanthemums, Buttercups, Origanum syriacum, and more.
There are also signs with information about the plants.
There are few springs in the Modi’in area. Thus rainwater storage systems were developed. On Giv’at HaTitora about 120 cisterns were found so far. Therefore walk only on the trails and visit only during daylight.
As you can see from the following photo, there are still active archeological excavations on this hill.
Shortly afterward, we left the flower path and continued along the jeep road, slowly climbing to the top of the Tel.
The Summit Trail
It took us less than ten minutes to reach the top, and we started to follow the summit trail.
Here is a panorama from a viewpoint at the summit trail:
Near this viewpoint, you can find the symbol of unity.
Though the summit trail is not paved, many people walk there with baby trolleys.
This track is marked with small columns like this one:
One of the points of interest along the summit trail is the fortress.
The Crusader fort at the top of Giv’at HaTitora was built in 1099-1260, and it gave the hill the name “Al-
Burj” (the citadel in Arabic).
The purpose of this fortress was to guard the ancient roads to Jerusalem.
Several views of the surroundings from the fortress:
The Archaeological Garden
We continued with the summit trail to the main entrance, and on the way, we passed through the archeological garden.
In this area, you can find various archeological findings and explanation signs. They tell about different aspects of life in ancient times. For example, there is an area dedicated to the olive oil industry.
There are explanations about architecture, water, farm animals, and more.
Giv’at HaTitora offers lovely tracks, and the blossom season is the best time for a visit. Completing the mentioned track (#3 in the table) took us about two hours at a slow pace. And everybody, from kids to grandparents, enjoyed our visit to Giv’at HaTitora.
This area has many attractions, and you can explore them using the interactive map above.
Have you visited Giv’at HaTitora? Tell us in the comment below about your experience.
That’s all for today, and I’ll see you in future travels!
Additional ResourcesHere are several resources that I created to help travelers:
- Israel Trip Planner is the page that will help you to create your perfect travel route.
- National Parks And Nature Reserves page lists and put all national parks on the map. There is also a top list, information about ticket types and campsites.
- If you are looking for things to do, here are the pages for Jerusalem, Tel Aviv, Haifa, Sea Of Galilee, and Makhtesh Ramon.
- Wondering what events are there in Israel? Here is the Events And Festivals By Season guide.